Since its first commercial release in 2008, the Android operating system has completed more than a decade of its successful journey in the world of mobile devices. With millions of apps based on it, Android is currently the most widely used operating system for smartphones and tablets. It has also managed to steal into fields such as automobiles, wearable and entertainment devices, automation systems, etc. Android applications have always been in great demand, and there are multiple Android development languages which gained importance over time. We will have a brief look at a few of the most important Android development languages.
Java is an object-oriented, general-purpose language that has remained the most popular coding language for Android so far. With two decades of valuable presence, it is one of the oldest and widely used coding tools. Java is still in a class of its own, even though some think it lacks a bit of refinement compared to newer languages (e.g., Kotlin). However, it is still considered the best starting point for a new developer. What’s more, there is a huge loyal, online developer community for mutual assistance when in need.
Kotlin is a comparatively new Android programming language created by JetBrains. It is currently supported by Google for Android development. It is the Android SDK language in that it is recognized to be used with the SDK (Software Development Kit) provided by the official Android Studio. It is based on Java and is interoperable with it, and hence easily adaptable for Java users. Certain drawbacks of Java have been cleared in Kotlin. It also has a more decent and refined syntax and a concise code as compared to Java. Kotlin is versatile and trending, promising more loyal users in the future.
C/C++ is not a direct coding language for Android. Instead, it is used in conjunction with Java in the form of NDK (Native Development Kit), a set of tools provided by Google and based on C/C++. The libraries set in C++ can be made use of in the development of the app, and the code runs ‘natively’ on the device.
Python is a trending object-oriented, general-purpose language. Native development of Python with Android is not supported. However, there are tools that can convert the code into the APK format compatible with Android. An example is Kivy, which is an open-source library of Python that helps in developing mobile apps.
SQL is also not a language for Android development as such. It may be used in conjunction with Java to help manage databases. It is essentially a database handler that helps in organizing, storing, and retrieving data in a systematic manner. Among different versions currently available in the market, SQLite is the one desirable for Android.
Coding and app development are a fulfilling experience. What we just discussed are some of the top code languages for Android. You have a bunch of choices including latest programming languages as well as more ‘traditional’ ones. Each option has its own characteristics. Which one among them is suitable for you will depend upon your programming background (or lack thereof), inclinations, and special preferences.